Glass Ceilings or Sticky Floors? A Model of High-Income Law Graduates

Joe G. Baker

Minorities and females are underrepresented in the top-income quintile of law school graduates. Employing a binary logistic regression model, I examine whether this is due to a "glass ceiling" (an invisible barrier erected by third parties) or a "sticky floor" (self-imposed limitations regarding employment). My major finding is that being female, a minority, or disabled did not significantly reduce one's probability of making the top-income quintile once hours of work, experience, and other factors are taken into account. My findings directly contradict the large body of glass-ceiling literature and support the sticky-floor model.

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